Category: Political Theory

  • The Myth of Choice: Personal Responsibility in a World of Limits

    By Kent Greenfield

    Americans are fixated at the concept of selection. Our political idea is predicated at the consent of the ruled. Our felony process is equipped upon the argument that individuals freely make offerings and endure accountability for them. And what slogan might larger show the center of our client tradition than "Have it your way"?

    In this provocative publication, Kent Greenfield poses unsettling questions on the alternatives we make. What in the event that they are extra limited and constrained than we adore to imagine? If we've much less loose will than we become aware of, what are the results for us as contributors and for our society? To discover the solutions, Greenfield faucets into scholarship on themes starting from mind technological know-how to economics, political conception to sociology. His discoveries—told via an exciting array of stories occasions, own anecdotes, crime tales, and felony decisions—confirm that many elements, wide awake and subconscious, restrict our unfastened will. Worse, by way of failing to understand them we depart ourselves open to manipulation. yet Greenfield bargains valuable feedback to assist us develop into larger determination makers as participants, and to make sure that in our legislation and public coverage we recognize the complexity of choice.

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  • Leo Strauss: Man of Peace

    By Robert Howse

    Leo Strauss is understood to many of us as a philosopher of the fitting, who encouraged hawkish perspectives on nationwide safeguard and even perhaps recommended struggle with no limits. relocating past gossip and innuendo approximately Strauss's fans and the Bush management, this ebook presents the 1st entire research of Strauss's writings on political violence, contemplating additionally what he taught within the lecture room in this topic. In stark distinction to renowned belief, Strauss emerges as a guy of peace, favorably disposed to foreign legislation and skeptical of imperialism - a critic of radical ideologies (right and left) who warns of the hazards to unfastened suggestion and civil society whilst philosophers and intellectuals best friend themselves with events that recommend violence. Robert Howse offers new readings of Strauss's disagreement with fascist/Nazi jurist Carl Schmitt, his debate with Alexandre Kojève approximately philosophy and tyranny, and his works on Machiavelli and Thucydides and examines Strauss's lectures on Kant's Perpetual Peace and Grotius's Rights of warfare and Peace.
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  • Eco-Republic: Ancient Thinking for a Green Age

    By Melissa Lane

    The transition to a sustainable society is a profound problem to ethics and political suggestion, in addition to to humankind. it's such as the good transitions of the earlier, equivalent to the Enlightenment. but the celebrated culture of groundbreaking principles has no longer to this point been commonly invoked in public debates during this zone. What will we research from the historical past of ethics and political concept to let us to deal with weather change?
    Climate swap and sustainability should not simply technical difficulties or difficulties in utilized ethics: they require a brand new political mind's eye. Melissa Lane identifies Key messages – at the position of the person, the loved ones, the character of citizenship, and the importance of the mind's eye – which deliver the knowledge of the earlier to undergo at the demanding situations of the current. utilizing those assets, and construction on those insights, she demands the development of a ‘new normal’, remaking our mind's eye of our society and our selves. Drawing on Plato’s Republic as a version whereas additionally demanding facets of Platonic politics, the ebook units out the political and mental demanding situations that we are facing in relocating past the psycho-political payment of contemporary advertisement society.
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  • Freedom's Power: The True Force of Liberalism

    By Paul Starr

    Liberalism in the US is lower than siege. Conservatives now deal with it as an epithet or even a few progressives spurn it. yet based on Paul Starr, liberalism is a robust public philosophy, deeply rooted in our traditions, able to making the United States and the area extra unfastened and secure.“Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” continues to be nearly as good and concise a definition of liberalism’s goals this day because it used to be while Thomas Jefferson borrowed the language of John Locke for the announcement of Independence. What distinguishes liberalism, notwithstanding, is not only excessive aspirations yet strikingly powerful ideas for the production and regulate of energy. From its origins as constitutional liberalism within the 17th and eighteenth centuries, the liberal undertaking has supplied the root of the main wealthy and robust states on the planet. smooth democratic liberalism has carried ahead the constitutional liberal culture through favoring a extra inclusive and egalitarian belief of liberty and chance. It has spoke back to threats to freedom and the general public strong from over the top concentrations of personal energy, whereas protecting a dynamic marketplace economic system. And it has proven how govt can reply to monetary problem and injustice—yet hold arbitrary strength in check—by supplying more advantageous promises of civil liberties and equivalent rights. At a time while conservative guidelines are weakening America’s long term financial, fiscal, and foreign power in addition to its liberties, liberalism is extra pressing than ever. Freedom’s Power exhibits why liberalism works—and the way it can paintings for the USA again.
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  • Tyranny: A New Interpretation

    By Waller R. Newell

    This can be the 1st complete exploration of old and smooth tyranny within the background of political suggestion. Waller R. Newell argues that glossy tyranny and statecraft range essentially from the classical figuring out. Newell demonstrates a old shift in emphasis from the classical thinkers' tension at the virtuous personality of rulers and the necessity for civic schooling to the trendy emphasis on impersonal associations and cold-blooded political process. The turning aspect is Machiavelli's demand the conquest of nature. Newell lines the strains of impact from Machiavelli's new technological know-how of politics to the increase of Atlanticist republicanism in England and the US, in addition to the totalitarian regimes of the 20th century and their results at the current. through diagnosing the forms of tyranny from erotic voluptuaries like Nero, the steely decision of reforming conquerors like Alexander the good and Julius Caesar and modernizing despots similar to Napoleon and Ataturk to the collectivist revolutions of the Jacobins, Bolsheviks, Nazis, and Khmer Rouge, Newell exhibits how tyranny is every piece as harmful to unfastened democratic societies this day because it used to be long ago.
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  • Untimely Politics

    By Samuel A. Chambers

    The normal, linear view of historical past is based at the trust that political results are predetermined through what has long past sooner than. This booklet demanding situations this view, arguing for what Samuel A. Chambers calls an premature politics which renders the previous problematical and the long run unpredictable. This pathbreaking argument is complex via an in depth interpreting of key texts in political concept and by way of moving into debates concerning metaphysics, philosophy of language, and psychoanalysis as opposed to discursive analysis.

    Chambers makes a speciality of the subject matter of the relevance of language research to political debate, answering these critics who insist discourse ways to politics are beside the point. Heidegger, Nietzsche, Foucault and Derrida are used to problem the political burden that's put on language research to turn out its worth within the actual international. Drawing from political concept and cultural stories Chambers takes at the same-sex marriage debate, exhibiting how the use and misuse of language has contributed to an deadlock that isn't more likely to be broken.

    Wide ranging and insightful, premature Politics makes a well timed plea for a extra politically suitable and culturally engaged type of highbrow engagement.
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  • Critical Theory and Libertarian Socialism: Realizing the Political Potential of Critical Social Theory (Critical Theory and Contemporary Society)

    By Charles Masquelier

    This quantity within the serious concept and modern Society sequence examines the function serious conception performs in ultra-modern political, social, and monetary crises, displaying the way it may also help to either diagnose and therapy such problems.
    severe social idea is first revisited by means of exposing the affinity among Marx's critique of political economic climate, the critique of instrumental cause elaborated by means of the 1st iteration of the Frankfurt tuition, and the libertarian socialism of G.D.H. Cole. this can be through an offer for a thorough reorganization of monetary and political lifestyles and the corresponding improvement of emancipatory practices presupposing the reconciliation of humanity and nature. finally, the modern relevance of those associations and practices are mentioned, in addition to situations of up to date kinds of resistance, similar to the Occupy move and alter-globalisation.
    via bringing jointly the worries of severe concept and libertarian socialism, this quantity not just illustrates the sensible facet of serious concept, but in addition highlights its modern relevance. Researchers in political concept, social conception and political philosophy will locate this an enticing paintings that might stimulate debates approximately new choices to latest difficulties.
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  • Escape from Freedom

    By Erich Fromm

    If humanity can't dwell with the risks and obligations inherent in freedom, it might probably flip to authoritarianism. this can be the valuable notion of Escape from Freedom, a landmark paintings via the most wonderful thinkers of our time, and a booklet that's as well timed now as whilst first released in 1941. Few books have thrown such gentle upon the forces that form glossy society or penetrated so deeply into the motives of authoritarian platforms. If the increase of democracy set a few humans unfastened, even as it gave start to a society during which the person feels alienated and dehumanized. utilizing the insights of psychoanalysis as probing brokers, Fromm's paintings analyzes the disorder of up to date civilization as witnessed through its willingness to undergo totalitarian rule.

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  • Religious Anarchism: New Perspectives

    By Alexandre J. M. E. Christoyannopoulos

    Either faith and anarchism were more and more politically energetic of overdue. This edited quantity offers twelve chapters of clean scholarship on varied aspects of the realm the place they meet: spiritual anarchism. The publication is dependent alongside 3 topics: early Christian anarchist 'pioneers,' together with Pelagius, Coppe, Hungarian Nazarenes, and Dutch Christian anarchists; Christian anarchist reflections on particular themes equivalent to Kierkegaardian indifference, Romans thirteen, Dalit non secular perform, and resistance to race and country; spiritual anarchism in different traditions, starting from Wu Nengzi s Daoism and Rexroth s Zen Buddhism to numerous currents of Islam, together with an unique Anarca-Islamic 'clinic.' This particular booklet as a result furthers scholarship on anarchism, on millenarian and progressive thinkers and activities, and on faith and politics. it's also of price to participants of the broader public attracted to radical politics and within the political implications of faith. and naturally, it really is suitable to these drawn to any of the categorical topics and thinkers all in favour of inside of person chapters. briefly, this ebook provides various cutting edge views on an internet of themes that, whereas held jointly through the typical thread of non secular anarchism, additionally speaks to various broader issues which were more and more well-known within the twenty-first century.
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